How do animals deal with their wounds or virus infections?

Humans in ancient times don’t have any doctor, sick, injured, virus infection and so on, they can only rely on their own immune system. If able to resist, continue to live, if not, can only say goodbye to the world.

The same goes to wild animals, but they can do more than we can, they can lick their wounds to sterilize, and in addition, they only rely on their own immune system. Viruses become a special organism in animals, their survival and reproduction can only rely on the host cell to complete, otherwise, it is only a protein shell and nucleic acid composition of simple chemicals. So whether the host is human or wild animals, if we are infected by the virus, we will get sick, the next step is to see the virus or the body’s immune system is stronger.

In fact, the resistance of wild animals may be stronger, because, in terms of the cleanness of food, humans eat a cleaner food, and wild animals are not the same, they are directly drinking water from nature, eating the rawest meat, without a good gastrointestinal immune system is difficult to adapt. 

In fact, many organisms are carrying viruses, these viruses are not harmful to some organisms, these organisms are called natural hosts or primitive hosts, such as bats are the natural host of many viruses, scientists found that in hundreds of bats, there are more than 4,100 kinds of viruses, but bats still surviving fine. And compared to some mammals, bats can live up to 30 years. So it’s no problem for bats to be infected with the virus, 40 degrees Celsius of body, making them not afraid of most viruses.

But if these viruses spread to unnatural hosts, they would not be so optimistic!

There are also some rotting animals in nature, they are a wide variety of natural decomposers, they eat on the carcasses of corrupt animals and plants, such as snails, crickets, vultures, hyenas and so on. When the animal dies, the body will have a corrupt deterioration process, that is, a large number of microorganisms grow and reproduce, the general organisms for such rotting meat will be dead, but vultures and so on will not. Scientists have found that most animals have different stomach acid values, with lower stomach acid values than for herbivorous animals, and fewer acid values in carnivorous animals are lesser than carnivorous animals. We can also know that most bacteria and viruses are killed in the stomachs of rotting animals.

In fact, for life on Earth, there are hundreds of thousands, tens or even hundreds of millions of years of evolution with their own response to bacterial viruses, of course, mainly through their own immune systems. And human evolution has developed an intelligent civilization, a profound and thorough understanding of our own bodies, medical technology development so that human beings can better grasp the adjustment of their own bodies, there are doctors if we are sick.

How do animals deal with their wounds or virus infections?


Do you think animals have their doctor? (not talking about veterinarian)

One of the fishes, there is a fish doctor called Bluestreak cleaner wrasse. They can help other fishes clean up their dead cells and some parasites, and some “sick fish” will take the initiative to the “house” of the Bluestreak cleaner wrasse, waiting for treatment. And this fish is very clever, this fish is a small number of self-conscious animals, scientists use the “mirror experiment” to verify the animal’s self-awareness, the animals that passed this experiment are only macaques, bottle-nosed dolphins, elephants, orcas, European magpies and all the ape species (gnome chimpanzees, chimpanzees, orangutans, humans, gorillas), and Bluestreak cleaner wrasse is also one of them. Even newborn babies don’t have this awareness, so there’s a saying in the countryside that you can’t let a baby look in the mirror because they will get scared.

So animals also have their doctors, but of course, they don’t have such medical technology as humans, they can only be counted as mutual cooperation and symbiosis.

Tigers and lions often lick sores or wounds with their tongues after they are injured, because enzymes in saliva are known for sterilizing.

For open wounds, the most common form of sterilization anti-inflammatory is licking. There are two main benefits of licking, one is to remove the flesh on the wound surface and keep the wound clean, and the other is that the saliva contains enzymes, has a bactericidal effect, which will prevent the wound from being infected by bacteria.

If you pay attention to animals, you must have seen this, if not, then you can pay more attention to the cats and dogs around, their way to deal with sores or wounds are licking.

Other than licking, some animals also make good use of herbs or minerals. According to legend: Indian gibbons, after injured, will chew the leaves and put on the wound.

Some wild animals use wild plants to treat diseases. For example, the lion in the tropical forest, afraid of cold, shivering disease, will gnaw the Cinchona. Cinchona contains nano cream, a special treatment for malaria. When deer have diarrhea, they often eat the skins and branches of the eucalyptus tree. The eucalyptus tree contains acid, which can stop diarrhea. Interestingly, when India’s gibbons are injured, they will take Aquilaria sinensis’s leaves and chew to pieces and apply to the wound. After breaking their leg bones, the Eurasian woodcock and the Ring-necked Pheasant often fly to the river, using their mouths to get some soft mud and put on the broken legs, and then take some grass mixed in the mud, and finally, on the outside with mud, made a “gypsum model” to fix their injured leg.

So, to deal with viruses, animals can only rely on their own immune systems. Don’t think that animals are weak, some species have the ability to fight the virus, and it is beyond your imagination! Like bats! According to a 2014 report, bats have more than 100 highly toxic and dangerous viruses, two of which have been causing SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) in the human world through intermediate host beavers and camels. While the newly popular new coronavirus 2019-nCoV, the natural host is also highly suspected to be bats.

There is no animal doctor in the animal industry, it is essential to have both abilities above, for many animals, injuries or wound infections are basically terminal illnesses, especially for the wild animals, injuries are a very risky thing, for example, for a young wolf, if their limbs are caught by a bear trap, it is either starve to death or dead by infected wound.

So what if the animals get hurt?

Basically they rely on the tongue licking, small animals themselves will not lick, their mother will lick, saliva can not only disinfect, antibacterial but also acts as pain relief. Tongue licking is only suitable for minor injuries since the risk of injury is so great, then the best way is not to be injured, not infected, in fact, the animal’s special physiological structure and unique immune system can prevent animals from being infected by viruses or bacteria.

In short, there are no doctors in the wild animal world, and resistance to viruses and bacteria depends mainly on their own physiological structure and immune system to survive.